With Motor Neuro Disease (MND), messages from the motor neurones gradually stop reaching the muscles. This leads the muscles to weaken, stiffen and waste. MND can affect how you walk, talk, eat, drink and breathe.
Some people also experience changes to their thinking and behaviour. However, MND affects everyone differently. Not all symptoms will affect everyone, or in the same order. Symptoms also progress at varying speeds, which makes the course of the disease difficult to predict.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS): is the most common form of MND, with weakness and wasting in the limbs, muscle stiffness and cramps. Someone may notice they are tripping when walking or dropping thing
Bulbar onset MND or Progressive bulbar palsy (PBP): affects a smaller number of people than typical ALS, and mainly affects the muscles of the face, throat and tongue. Early symptoms may include slurring of speech or difficulty swallowing
Progressive muscular atrophy (PMA): affects only a small proportion of people. Early symptoms may show as weakness or clumsiness of the hands.
Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS): is a rare form of MND, causing mainly weakness in the lower limbs, although some people may experience clumsiness in the hands or speech problems. PLS progresses slowly and life expectancy can be 10-20 years or more.
Kennedy’s disease (also known as spinal bulbar muscular atrophy or SBMA): is not a type of MND but has similar symptoms. It is a rare condition affecting the motor neurones, with increasing weakness and wasting of the muscles. Unlike MND, Kennedy’s disease also causes hormonal changes. Due to their similarities, MND and Kennedy’s disease are sometimes confused at diagnosis.
MND is life-shortening and there is no cure. Although the disease will progress, symptoms can be managed to help achieve the best possible quality of life. Provision of care for MND sufferers is one of our passions. Drawing from experience and knowledge we make it a priority to understand your care needs and work along s ide you to develop a bespoke package of care. In turn allowing you and your family to live as fuller and meaningful life as possible.